Stroke Awareness and Prevention Quiz 2017

Having diabetes means: A. Your liver is producing too much fat. B. Your body is unable to digest sugar. C. Too much sugar is staying in your blood.


Answer C - Diabetes is defined as a disease in which the body’s ability to produce or respond to the hormone insulin is impaired, resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates and elevated levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood and urine.

In Type 1 diabetes, the pancreas no longer makes insulin and, therefore, blood glucose (sugar) cannot enter the cells to be used for energy. In Type 2 diabetes, either the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or the body is unable to use insulin correctly.

More than 315,000 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer this year. True or False?


True - The American Cancer Society's estimates for breast cancer in the United States for 2017 are:

  • About 252,710 new cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed in women.
  • About 63,410 new cases of carcinoma in situ (CIS) will be diagnosed. (CIS is non-invasive and is the earliest form of breast cancer.)
  • About 40,610 women will die from breast cancer.
  • Also, at this time, there are more than 3.1 million breast cancer survivors in the United States. This number includes women still being treated and those who have completed treatment.

Breast cancer can be prevented. True or False?


False - There is no sure way to prevent breast cancer. But there are things all women can do that might reduce their risk and help increase the odds that if cancer does occur, it will be found at an early, more treatable stage. Women can lower their risk of breast cancer by changing risk factors that can be changed. Body weight, physical activity and diet have all been linked to breast cancer, so these might be areas where a woman can take action.

At this time, the best advice about diet and activity to possibly reduce the risk of breast cancer is to:

  • Get regular, intentional physical activity.
  • Reduce your lifetime weight gain by limiting your calories and getting regular physical activity.
  • Avoid or limit your alcohol intake.

Having dense breast tissue has no effect on the risk of breast cancer. True or False?


False - Breasts are made up of fatty tissue, fibrous tissue and glandular tissue. A woman is said to have dense breasts (on a mammogram) when she has more glandular and fibrous tissue and less fatty tissue. Women with dense breasts on mammogram have a risk of breast cancer that’s about 1.5 to 2 times that of women with average breast density. Unfortunately, dense breast tissue can also make it harder to see cancers on mammograms.

A number of factors can affect breast density, such as age, menopausal status, the use of certain drugs (including menopausal hormone therapy), pregnancy and genetics.

Performing a breast self-exam every month eliminates the need for an annual mammogram. True or False?


False - Knowing how your breasts normally look and feel is an important part of breast health, and finding breast cancer as early as possible gives you a better chance of successful treatment. But knowing what to look for — and reporting any changes to a health care provider right away — doesn’t take the place of having regular mammograms and other screening tests. Screening tests can help find breast cancer in its early stages, before any symptoms appear.

The American Cancer Society recommends the following screening guidelines for women at average risk for breast cancer:

  • Women 40 to 44 should have the choice to start annual breast cancer screening with mammograms if they wish to do so. The risks of screening as well as the potential benefits should be considered.
  • Women 45 to 54 should get mammograms every year.
  • Women 55 and older should switch to mammograms every two years, or have the choice to continue yearly screening.
Screening should continue as long as a woman is in good health and is expected to live 10 more years or longer.

These guidelines are for women at average risk for breast cancer. Women with a personal history of breast cancer, a family history of breast cancer, a genetic mutation known to increase risk of breast cancer (such as BRCA), and women who had radiation therapy to the chest before the age of 30 are at higher risk for breast cancer, not average-risk.

The American Cancer Society adds that all women should be familiar with the known benefits, limitations and potential harms associated with breast cancer screening.

Source: American Cancer Society

Commit to Stroke Awareness & Prevention in May - Deadline: May 31, 2017 

Five winners will be chosen from all entries to receive a Fitbit Charge 2 exercise tracker worth $150. To be eligible, complete this form and submit it by May 31, 2017. The answers for the quiz will appear in the June 19, 2017, BJC TODAY.

By entering my name below:

I commit to having a discussion with one or more individuals about the risk factors and signs of a stroke, based on the American Stroke Association guidelines or the advice of my doctor during 2017.

I pledge to promote healthy nutrition and exercise during 2017 to assist in reducing stroke risk factors.

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