Stroke Awareness and Prevention Quiz 2017

The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system.

 

True - The prostate, a gland that only men have, is located just below the bladder (the organ that collects and empties urine) and in front of the rectum (the lower part of the bowel). As part of the reproductive system, it produces fluid that makes up part of the semen. The prostate is typically about the size of a walnut in young men and can be larger in older men.

Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in U.S. men, behind only lung cancer.

 

True - Other than skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in U.S. men. Each year more than 230,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer in the United States. Although prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in U.S. men, behind only lung cancer, it often can be treated successfully.

Usually there are no symptoms of prostate cancer.

 

True - Prostate cancer (especially early prostate cancer) usually doesn’t cause symptoms, but some men experience:

  • Weak or interrupted (“stop-and-go”) flow of urine
  • Sudden urge to urinate
  • Frequent urination (especially at night)
  • Trouble starting the flow of urine
  • Trouble emptying the bladder completely
  • Pain or burning while urinating
  • Blood in the urine or semen
  • A pain in the back, hips or pelvis that doesn’t go away
  • Shortness of breath, feeling very tired, fast heartbeat, dizziness or pale skin caused by anemia

These symptoms are similar to another non-cancerous condition called benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH), an enlargement of the prostate that can occur as a man ages. The prostate may get bigger and block the urethra or bladder, causing trouble urinating or sexual problems. Although it isn’t cancer, surgery may be needed.

Age, race and family history of prostate cancer can affect the risk of developing prostate cancer.

 

True - Although all men are at risk for prostate cancer, some factors, like family history and race, increase the risk. Risk factors for prostate cancer include:

  • Being 50 years of age or older
  • Being African American
  • Having a brother, son or father who had prostate cancer
  • Eating a diet high in fat or drinking alcoholic beverages

Men with prostate cancer need to get treatment right away.

 

False - Men with prostate cancer don’t always need to get treatment right away. Most men are diagnosed with prostate cancer when it’s still at an early stage — it’s small and hasn’t spread. There are many important factors to take into account before deciding on a treatment, such as age, general health and the likelihood that the cancer will cause problems. Some men, for example, choose to avoid possible surgery and possible radiation side effects, like incontinence or impotence, for as long as possible.

If the cancer is slow growing, men who are older or have other serious health problems might be inclined to consider active surveillance, instead of treatments that are likely to cause major side effects. Active surveillance means monitoring the cancer closely with regular prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood tests, digital rectal exams (DREs), and ultrasounds to see if the cancer is growing. Prostate biopsies may be done, too. If there’s a change in the test results, the doctor would then discuss treatment options.

Commit to Stroke Awareness & Prevention in May - Deadline: May 31, 2017 

Five winners will be chosen from all entries to receive a Fitbit Charge 2 exercise tracker worth $150. To be eligible, complete this form and submit it by May 31, 2017. The answers for the quiz will appear in the June 19, 2017, BJC TODAY.

By entering my name below:

I commit to having a discussion with one or more individuals about the risk factors and signs of a stroke, based on the American Stroke Association guidelines or the advice of my doctor during 2017.

I pledge to promote healthy nutrition and exercise during 2017 to assist in reducing stroke risk factors.

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